Physical violence against women is a type of violence carried out to control, humiliate or punish women using physical force and can seriously affect women's lives and even endanger their lives. Physical violence against women can be carried out in many different ways.
Physical violence perpetrated through bodily contact can be carried out through attacks directed at a woman's body. Examples of physical violence carried out through bodily contact include kicking, slapping, choking, biting, stabbing, sexual assault, among others.
Another type of physical violence is aimed at restraining a woman's movements or keeping her under control by using physical force. Examples of this type of violence include pushing, throwing to the ground, grabbing, pulling hair, and restraining arms through the use of physical force.
In addition, physical violence against women can also be carried out using objects. For example, attacks against women through throwing objects at them also fall within the scope of physical violence.
Sexual violence is a type of violence used to exert control, exert pressure, humiliate, degrade, and punish women. Unfortunately, women often experience sexual violence following physical violence. However, many women cannot disclose sexual violence due to reasons such as shame, guilt, and fear, making sexual violence a prevalent problem both inside and outside of marriage.
Psychological violence is a form of violence that involves emotional manipulation and the use of needs, without physical behavior, to control, manage, make submissive, and punish women.
Repeated use of belittling language towards women to undermine their self-confidence and self-respect, persistent refusal to listen to their thoughts and opinions, questioning their memories of an event that you are sure of or denying that an event happened the way they say it did, making humiliating remarks towards women especially in front of others, are some common behaviors that can be classified as psychological violence. However, unlike physical violence, psychological violence can be more difficult to recognize since there are often no isolated incidents or clear physical evidence to reference.
Another form of violence used to monitor and control women is economic violence. Some of the most common forms of this type of violence include preventing women from working or advancing in their careers, seizing their income and savings, managing financial transactions arbitrarily such as taking out credit on the woman's behalf and using credit cards, controlling their financial needs, and applying pressure to keep daily living expenses to a minimum. Additionally, women are not allowed to save money, open accounts, or invest. This type of violence is often combined with physical or psychological violence and limits women's freedoms.
In recent years, with the rapid development of technology, digital violence has become a serious threat to women. Digital violence is a form of violence in which women are targeted, harassed, threatened, or humiliated through digital tools such as the internet, mobile phones, and social media.
Some forms of digital violence against women include continuously sending messages to women through social media or persistently calling them through online tools; taking naked photos of women, secretly recording them with hidden cameras, and threatening to publish or share these recordings online; and making derogatory, insulting, and hateful posts and comments about women on social media.
Dating violence (Romantic partner violence / Intimate partner violence)
The word "sevgili" (eng. lover) is derived from the Turkish word "muhabbet" (conversation) and encompasses both the act of conversing and the act of loving. A lover, from the moment they become a part of your life, means the person closest to you, but sometimes this closeness can lead to "extra" intimacy through forms of violence such as control, manipulation, and monitoring by your partner.
"He loves me so much that he calls all of my friends one by one!"
"He is so jealous of me that he doesn't allow me to hang out with male friends who are very close to me!"
"He loves me so much that he says I have to video call him every time I go out! (or he doesn't want me to go out)"
The type of relationship where these example sentences occur does not fall into the category of a safe relationship. These example sentences, which young women believe to be an indicator of being loved, actually serve as an example of how much they are manipulated and controlled by their partners.
Unfortunately, many young people, especially between the ages of 13-23, are unaware that they are subjected to other forms of violence (psychological violence, persistent stalking, etc.) as they think that dating violence only involves physical assault or sexual harassment. Therefore, the simplest definition of dating violence is psychological and/or physical/sexual/digital violence that occurs within a dating relationship."
Stalking is considered a form of violence that threatens a woman's freedom and safety and can have serious consequences. In particular, the person being stalked may feel insecure and be affected psychologically. This person may have to live with the constant feeling of being followed and watched. Additionally, the person doing the stalking may engage in behavior that includes violence.
For example, behaviors such as constantly appearing in front of the woman, persistently bothering her on the phone, secretly entering her house are appropriate examples that can be attributed to the form of violence called persistent stalking.